Chapter 13 PARAGRAPH WRITING

  • A paragraph is a group of sentences
  • A well-structured paragraph has a beginning, a middle & an end

STRUCTURE – 3 Parts

1. Topic sentence/Introducer

  • The first sentence that introduces the main idea
  • Usually appears in the beginning of a paragraph
  • Gives the core idea & emphasizes it
  • Guides the readers to know what it is all about

Two major functions: Structural & Interpretive

  1. Structural topic sentences
  2. Describe the shape of the argument
  3. Help to follow the argument
  4. Guide the readers to anticipate & move with the rest of the paragraph
  5. Interpretive topic sentences
  6. Offer a conclusion/reaction/feeling
  7. Acquaint the readers with the author’s perspective
  8. So more valuable than structural topic sentence
  9. Structural topic sentence does not tell us a lot about the topic
  10. Interpretive topic sentence allows the writer to freely express his/her interpretation of the data & also tries to convince the reader
  11. Both are known as introducers
  12. Introducer > lays the foundation for the rest of the argument to follow
  13. Raises hopes and makes promises

2. Supporting details/Developers

  • Constitute the main body of the passage
  • Fulfil the promise made by the introducers
  • Substantiate, augment & authenticate the claims made by the introducers

3. The concluding sentences / Terminators

  • Wind up the discussion
  • Leave on the reader the final impression about the crux of the entire paragraph 

CONSTRUCTION OF A PARAGRAPH — TECHNIQUES 

  1. Narrative Description
  2. Suits the paragraphs that have an intense emotion to express
  3. Sustains our interest by telling a story in an engaging manner
  4. Comparisons & Contrasts
  5. Two similar things are compared/two dissimilar things are contrasted
  6. Make the argument forceful & emphatic
  7. Prove our perspectives in an objective manner
  8. Sustained Analogy
  9. Analogy = comparison of things that are generally not from the same class
  10. Extensive use of such comparisons = sustained analogy
  11. Is figurative & literary in its impact & appeal
  12. Cause and Effect
  13. An important device that helps to establish a relationship b/w certain events & the reasons behind them
  14. Convinces readers in a scientific & logical manner
  15. Quotations & Paraphrasing
  16. Quoting authorities substantiates a point of view
  17. Peer testimony = when the words of common people are quoted
  18. Enumeration
  19. Listing a series of ideas to substantiate the topic sentence

FEATURES OF A PARAGRAPH

  1. Unity
  2. The togetherness of ideas
  3. A paragraph should have one central idea – outlined through the topic sentence — & the subordinating ideas that help the main idea
  4. Coherence
  5. All the ideas fit together well
  6. E.g.: arguing for an idea & arguing against it at the same time result in incoherence
  7. Expansion & Emphasis
  8. Properly expanding & emphasizing the idea introduced in a sentence
  9. Taking the generated idea to its logical conclusion
Advertisement

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s