Chapter 12: NOTE MAKING

Note Taking = when you listen to a speaker or watch documentaries & jot down notes


  • Helps us to focus & concentrate on what is said
  • Helps us to prepare for tests & exams
  • Are the key points to understand a subject
  • Helps us to understand the complex concepts or elements of the subject


  • Brief, concise & written in the 3rd person
  • Contain only the relevant details/facts of the subject
  • Avoid illustrations/descriptions except in science & technology-oriented subjects
  • Info presented in phrases/words/brief sentences; follows a specific gr pattern
  • Info presented in a logical sequence
  • Usually divided into > main points, sub-points, sub-sub-points and so on


  1. Get ready to take notes (before a class)
  2. Review the notes from the previous class
  3. Complete the assigned readings
  4. Take notes (during a class)
  5. Focus your attention on what the teacher is saying & write quickly
  6. Rewrite the notes (after a class)
  7. Complete your notes by replacing short forms/abbreviations into words
  8. Check with other students to ensure that you have not missed any important info

 NOTE MAKING = when you read & prepare notes


  • Helps us to observe & record the crucial & finer aspects of a text / a phenomenon
  • Helps us to appraise the text / a situation from close quarters
  • Helps us to figure out the complexity of an idea/a thought / situation
  • Helps us to recall & recapture the intensity of an observed phenomenon & express it in our own words


  1. The Cornell Method = a systematic format for condensing notes
  2. Leave a two & a half inch margin on the left & a six inch area on the right to make notes
  3. Leave sufficient space b/w each new point
  4. Write the notes in the main space (6 inch area)
  5. Use the left-hand space to label each significant bit of info & detail with a cue / key word


  • Is organized & systematic; so helps in recording & reviewing notes
  • Is an easy format for pulling out major concepts & ideas
  • Is a simple & efficient method
  • Saves time & effort
  • Is like a ‘do-it-right-in-the-first-place’ system
  • See fig. 12.1 on page 186
  • The Outlining Method
  • Indented outlining > the best method for informative kind of lectures & texts.
  • The most general info begins on the left
  • Each specific group of facts indented with spaces to the right.
  • For headings Roman numerals, letters of the alphabet, & Arabic numerals are commonly used at different levels.
  • For a sample refer to page 187


  • a well-organized system if used rightly.
  • helps in recording the content & also observing the relationship among various pts.
  • helps to keep the review process easy.


  • this method requires more thought into the subject matter for accurate organization.
  • lends limited review as it is very brief.
  • cannot be used if the lecture is rushed through
  • The Mapping Method
  • Is a graphic repsn of the whole talk/lecture.
  • Used when the lecture content is heavy & well-organized.
  • Have to use our cognitive & analytical skills & critical thinking to create a map of the info.


  • Helps us to track the talk/lecture visually.
  • Easy to review the entire info in no time.
  • Different colours can be used for highlighting.
  • The Taxonomizing Method
  • Helps in charting/recording the info in a systematic manner.
  • The page is divided into quadrangles & labelled with appropriate headings such as history, causes, effects & measures.
  • The info can be recorded into the suitable category.


  • Facilitates in taking down notes as quickly as possible.
  • Reduces the amount of unnecessary writing.
  • Provides an easy review mechanism for memorizing the facts & studying the comparisons & relationships.
  • The Sentence Method
  • Used by students who do not know the technical way of taking down notes.
  • Every new thought/fact/topic is written on a separate line.


  • We get more/all the info.
  • Notes prepared by using this method give a sufficient idea of the content of the actual text


  • The major/minor points cannot be determined from the numbered sequence.
  • Difficult to edit without rewriting by clustering related points.

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